1.Choose a Topic
Choose a topic which interests and challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic will determine the amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into your research.
Focus on a limited aspect, e.g. narrow it down. Select a subject you can manage. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized. Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials.
2. FIND INFORMATION
Surf the Net.
For general or background information, check out useful URLs, general information online, almanacs or encyclopedias online, such as Britannica. Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point.
Pay attention to domain name extensions, e.g., edu (educational institution), .gov (government), or .org (non-profit organization). These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in some government sites.
3. STATE YOUR THESIS
Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief.
4. MAKE A TENTATIVE OUTLINE
All points must relate to the same major topic you’ve chosen. Enumerate points under Introduction, body, conclusion. The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper.
5. ORGANIZE YOUR NOTES
Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct.
7. WRITE YOUR FIRST DRAFT
Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay.
8. REVISE YOUR OUTLINE AND DRAFT
Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline.
9. TYPE FINAL PAPER
All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. Make the effort to ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and attractive. Aim to have your final paper ready a day or two before the deadline.